High-Harmonic Generation Enhancement with Graphene Heterostructures


The Walther group published a new paper in Advanced Optical Materials




High-harmonic generation (HHG) in graphene heterostructures, consisting of metallic nanoribbons separated from a graphene sheet by either a few-nanometer layer of aluminum oxide or an atomic monolayer of hexagonal boron nitride, is investigated. The nanoribbons amplify the near-field at the graphene layer relative to the externally applied pumping, thus allowing the observation of third- and fifth-harmonic generation in the carbon monolayer at modest pump powers in the mid-infrared. The dependence of the nonlinear signals on the ribbon width and spacer thickness, as well as pump power and polarization are studied, and enhancement factors (EF) relative to bare graphene reaching 1600 and 4100 for third- and fifth-harmonic generation, respectively, are demonstrated. The work supports the use of graphene heterostructures to selectively enhance specific nonlinear processes of interest, an essential capability for the design of nanoscale nonlinear devices.